The William E. James Stereograph Collection

Yalta, Russia, on the shore of the Black Sea.

The Orient

Categories: [A. O. Van Lennep] George W. Thorne William B. Holmes L. E. Walker

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1. Jerusalem, from the East.
1. Jerusalem, from the East.
From Mount Olivet. Looking west across the Valley of Jehoshaphat, showing Mount Moriah, Mount Zion, and Mount Calvary. 
   
4. Valley of Jehoshaphat.
4. Valley of Jehoshaphat.
Looking north-east from Hill of Evil Counsel, showing Aceldama in the foreground, and the pool of shiloam at the southern point of Mount Moriah. 
   
6. Mosque of Omar.
6. Mosque of Omar.
Occupying the site of Solomin's Temple, on a platform on the summit of Mount Moriah. 
   
7. Bethlehem of Judea.
7. Bethlehem of Judea.
Looking south-east, showing the Church of the Nativity, Frank Mountain, and the Wilderness of Judea in the distance. 
   
8. Tomb of Rachel.
8. Tomb of Rachel.
By the wayside from Jerusalem, near "Ephrath, which is Bethlehem." 
   
10. Shiloh.
10. Shiloh.
Where the Tabernacle and the Ark of the Lord was first permanently set up in Canaan. All here is ruins, yet the ground is covered with square pieces of mosaics. 
   
11. Jacob's Well and Tomb of Joseph.
11. Jacob's Well and Tomb of Joseph.
Looking west through a small valley toward Schechem. Mount Ebal is seen on the right, and Mount Gerizim on the left, Here Abraham first pitched his tent in the "Promised Land," and Jacob dug a well at which the saviour conversed with the "Woman of Samaria." 
   
12. Shechem.
12. Shechem.
Looking east. Situated in a fertile valley between Mount Ebal and Mount Gerizim. It was given to the levites, and was one of the "Cities of refuge." At a later period it became metropolis of the Samaritans, and the seat of their worship. Their temple was on Mount Gerizim. "Our Fathers worshipped on this Mount." 
   
13. Samaria.
13. Samaria.
The ancient capital of the province of Samaria. Built on a terraced hill, surrounded by the mountains of Ephraim, now entirely in ruins. 
   
16. Fountain of Jezreel.
16. Fountain of Jezreel.
Looking south-east. The scene of the exploit of Gideon and his small band. Beyond is seen Mount Gilboa, where Saul and Jonathan were slain by the Philistines. 
   
17. Mount Tabor.
17. Mount Tabor.
Looking north from the plain of Esdraelon. On it the transfiguration took place. From its top Barak descended on the hosts of Sisera. See Judges iv. 
   
18. Tiberias.
18. Tiberias.
Looking north-east. Sea of Galilee beyond. Built by Herod Antipas, and named in honor of the Emperor Tiberius. In the vicinity are celebrated hot springs. After the destruction of Jerusalem it became the seat of Jewish schools and learning. 
   
19. Capernaum.
19. Capernaum.
Looking north. Showing the elevated site of the city which is now all in ruins. After the Saviour had been rejected by his townsmen at Nazareth, "He came and dwelt at Nazarth," which was thence called "His own city." Here He wrought the most of His mighty works. "And thou Capernaum, which art exalted to heaven." 
   
20. Fountain of the Fig-tree, Capernaum.
20. Fountain of the Fig-tree, Capernaum.
Looking north-east. Showing the Fountain of the Figtree, and Sea of Galilee. 
   
21. Plain of Gennesaret.
21. Plain of Gennesaret.
Looking south from the ruins of Capernaum. In the distance is seen Mount Magdala, at the foot of which is the village of Magdala, the birthplace of Mary Magdalene. Sea of Galilee on the left. 
   
22. Mount of Beatitudes.
22. Mount of Beatitudes.
Where Christ delivered the "sermon on the Mount." On this plain, on the right, He miraculously fed the multitude. 
   
24. Nazareth.
24. Nazareth.
Looking south-west. A small city of lower Galilee built on east side of a "hill", along a small valley or basin entirely shut in by hills, except a narrow, rocky gullet on the south, leading to the great plain of Esdraelon. Here our Saviour spent his childhood. In the foreground is seen a Church built over the Well where the angel Gabriel appeared to the virgin and foretold the birth of Christ. 
   
26. Mount Carmel.
26. Mount Carmel.
Where Elijah met the prophets of Baal. In the distance, looking east, is seen where the Kishon empties into the sea. 
   
27. Pyramid of Cheops, Egypt.
27. Pyramid of Cheops, Egypt.
84 feet high, 800 feet square at the base, covers nearly 13 acres of ground. Said to have taken 360,000 men 20 years to build it. 
   
28. Sphinx.
28. Sphinx.
Near the base of the Pyramids. It is 150 feet long, and 60 feet high. Its body is of limestone, and is very decayed. It represents a lion crouched. It has the head of a woman, and is composed of red syenitic granite, from its neck up, which is remarkable well preserved, not withstanding its wear of over 4000 years. 
   
31. Baalbek, Syria.
31. Baalbek, Syria.
The ancient Heliopolis. The magnificence of its ruins has excited the wonder and admiration of every traveler who has visited it. For gorgeousness of decoration, combined with colossal magnitude, they stand unrivaled in the world. 
   
32. Temple of Jupiter, Baalbek.
32. Temple of Jupiter, Baalbek.
Built on one side of the platform on which the great temple rest. 
   
33. Great Temple of the Sun, Baalbek.
33. Great Temple of the Sun, Baalbek.
The style of its architecture, and the bevelled stones of the platform, closely resemble those of the temple of Jerusalem. Hence it is supposed by many to be the Baalath mentioned in the Bible as one of the towns built by Solomon. 
   
34. Interior View of the Wall enclosing the Great Temple of Baalbek.
34. Interior View of the Wall enclosing the Great Temple of Baalbek.
Showing the niches for statuary. 
   
35. Exterior of the Platform on which the Great Temple of Baalbek stood.
35. Exterior of the Platform on which the Great Temple of Baalbek stood.
Showing immense blocks of bevelied stones 60 to 70 feet long, and 13 to 15 feet square. 
   
36. Quarry at Baalbek.
36. Quarry at Baalbek.
Showing a stone carefully hewn out, and removed some distance toward the city. It is composed of compact white limestone, and measures 70 feet in length, 15 feet in height, and 13 feet in width. 
   
47. Athens.
47. Athens.
As seen from the Bay of Salamis. Pieraeus its seaport, is seen in the foreground. The Acropolis, though five miles distant, can be distinctly seen, crowned by the temple of minerva. A little to the left is Mount Pentelicus, where Xerxes wept over his immense army fast fading away. A beautiful instantaneous view. 
   
48. Columbus Monument.
48. Columbus Monument.
Erected in honor of the great discoverer, by his countrymen, in a public square in the City of Genoa. 
   
50. Rock of Gibraltar.
50. Rock of Gibraltar.
Three miles long, and three quarters of a mile wide. It is on a penisula, and rises abruptly on the east some 1,500 feet above the sea. On the west side which is sloping, is seen the harbor and town of Gibraltar. 
   
54. General Interior View of the Ruins of Baalbec.
54. General Interior View of the Ruins of Baalbec.
Showing the mountains of Lebanon snow-capped, in the distance. 
   
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